Cultural Entrepreneurship in Arts and Creative Industries

RESearch Track

Track Chair: elmar konrad, University of applied sciences mainz

Description of the track

The arts and cultural sector and in particular, the creative industries, are growing in Europe and in other western societies, as well as in Asia. They have become one of the most important and innovative economic sectors, investigated from Florida’s US-centric position (2005) to Howkins Euro-centric view (2001). Cultural entrepreneurship has become a topic of high interest in debates around innovation and growth in the context of the creative industries (Florida 2012) and is an emerging field (Fillis 2000; Fillis and Rentschler 2010; Lounsbury and Glynn 2001; Rentschler 2002) in the wider entrepreneurship scholarly business agenda (Dess and Lumpkin 2005; Lumpkin and Dess 1996). Cultural entrepreneurship has examined craft entrepreneurs (Fillis 2009), aesthetics of entrepreneurship (Hjorth and Steyaert 2010), entrepreneurship and leadership (Colbert 2003) and arts entrepreneurship (Rentschler 2002). In this context, cultural and creative entrepreneurs are often seen as pioneers and champions, in particular in their reliance on (social) network-structure (Konrad 2013) and cluster-structures or with respect to their use of information technology in production processes (Jones 2010). These studies have been undertaken from a contemporary perspective or occasionally from a historical perspective (DiMaggio 1982). They have been undertaken by marketing, management and sociology scholars, as well as scholars in business but with an interest in arts and culture. In these authors’ views, cultural entrepreneurs perceive opportunities, take calculated risks to achieve them, create organizations or take them in new directions and find resources to pursue initiatives. In addition, a scientific focus on innovation management in creative arts has become necessary – e.g. human resource management in the leisure industries or governance in the arts (Getz 1997; Rentschler 2015). In these contexts, the topics of key antecedents, effects and specifics of cultural entrepreneurship need further investigation. At the intersections of the management of the arts and in the creative industries and through cultural entrepreneurship, numerous topics are relevant to both theory and practice. This track focuses on research and creative and innovative management practices in arts management and cultural entrepreneurship.

 Key specific topics and research questions

•    Interactions and interdependencies between culture, creativity, innovation and the economy
•    Entrepreneurship in the arts and cultural sector
•    Systematization of start-ups, new ventures, self-employment and freelancing in the creative industries
•    Networks and stakeholders who provide essential resources for entrepreneurial initiatives
•    New ways of financing arts and cultural entrepreneurship
•    Entrepreneurial behavior effects on managing of arts and culture institutions

We encourage contributions that adress one or more of the listed topics, using qualitative analyses and case studies, empirical analyses (such as comparisons of sub sectors, creative industries and countries), developing theoretical frameworks in cultural entrepreneurship and creative industries and deriving Innovative methodological approaches appropriate to entrepreneurial research in management, arts organizations, sociology or governance.

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