Description of the track
The interest from academics and practitioners in open innovation has been growing continuously during the previous years. Empirical research as well as case studies show that firms may increase their innovativeness and performance by opening up innovation processes and make them more transparent to others. In fact, open innovation can be understood as purposive inflows and outflows of knowledge. Firms transfer know-how and technologies they cannot apply internally to outside (outflow) and use know-how and technologies produced by externals to advance their products and generate innovations internally (inflow). The concept of open innovation seems simple and plain in theory. However, many companies have difficulties to successfully implement open innovation or are afraid of sharing relevant knowledge. Indeed, internal and external knowledge exploitation and exploration call for different approaches and capabilities that organizations should provide. To gain more insights into the challenges, hurdles, enablers, and advantages of open innovation, conceptual reflections and empirical studies are needed. This goes not only for major enterprises but for small and medium firms and start-ups as well. Papers may include different methods and their combinations, different theoretical perspectives, and investigations of different situations and settings.
Key topics and research questions of the track
• How to implement open innovation?
We look for studies which focus on relevant skills, capabilities, motivation, trust, corporate culture, governance, IP regimes, and preconditions for cooperation. Studies which investigate open innovation practices, strategies, and open business models are also highly welcome.
• How do new technologies, social media and new communication activities affect the dynamics and success patterns of open innovation projects?
We also look for studies which focus on the particularities of open innovation in virtual and real spaces as well as studies which link individual behaviour to collaboration technologies.
• How to deeply understand the facets of open innovation in different settings?
We wait for studies on open innovation in start-ups, SMEs and large firms as well as studies on open innovation in different ecosystems, from the project level to virtual communities to research-driven clusters. Generally, we look for studies with different units of analysis like the organizational, intra-organizational, or inter-organizational level.
• How to study open innovation with different methodological approaches such as case studies, quantitative datasets, and multi-method approaches?
We also look for papers with ethnographic methods or particular methods that make use of big-data-technologies.
• How to further develop the open innovation concept?
We look for studies which go beyond the boundaries and connect open innovation to other approaches and disciplines.
We particularly encourage country-specific conceptual and empirical research papers that extend and develop our understanding of open innovation (inbound, outbound, coupled process) and will deliver academic outcomes but also practical and policy implications. We also encourage the submission of ongoing research.